Plant organisms are constantly affected by external factors of a diverse nature, which can change the course of a number of physiological and biochemical processes, and as a result, be reflected in the growth and development of plants, as well as the realization of their genetic potential. The study of the metabolomic profile of soybean plants against the background of inoculation with rhizobia allows to determine the changes in the biological system caused by the treatment of seeds with fungicides. Therefore, the aim of the work was to analyze the total content of the main groups of low-molecular-weight compounds of soybean roots and to consider their dynamics after seed treatment with the fungicides fever, standak top and inoculation with Bradyrhizobium japonicum 634b. Microbiological, physiological, biochemical and statistical research methods were used. When analyzing the mass spectra of metabolites of soybean roots, it was established that under the action of the fungicides fever and standak top, the growth of polyatomic alcohols occurs in the stages of the primordial and two trifoliate leaves. At the same time, during the formation and active functioning of legume-rhizobial symbiosis (stage of development of two or three tripartite leaves), standak top had a more pronounced effect than fever. It was noted that fungicides during the early stages of soybean development significantly affect the accumulation of organic acids in the roots of plants, leading to a significant increase in their content during the development of the first (under the action of both fungicides) and two trifoliate leaves (under treatment with stand top), which may be due to their involvement in the formation of protective reactions of plants to stressors. A gradual increase in the percentage content of sugars during the growing season of the plants was observed in the variants where the seeds were treated with fever, with the highest content (34.12 %) in the stage of the development of three trifoliate leaves. When treated with standak top, the greatest accumulation of sugars (30.55 %) was in the stage of development of the first trifoliate leaf. We assume that the increase in the percentage of sugars in the total pool of metabolites occurred, in particular, due to the decrease in the percentage content of organic acids. It was shown that the highest content of amino acids was found in control plants and those treated with fever in the stage of the development of two tripartite leaves, which corresponds to the period of active formation of root nodules, increasing their mass and increasing the fixation of atmospheric nitrogen, creating conditions for ensuring the further effective functioning of legume-rhizobial symbiosis. In this way, we found out that the degree and character of severity of the action of fungicides depended on the stage of plant development and the nature of the protectant. The use of fever and standak top caused certain changes in the content of a number of compounds (alcohols, organic acids, sugars and amino acids) during the growing season, which can be considered as components of a complex of reactions to the action of a stress factor and adaptation processes in the plant-bacterial system.
Keywords: Glycine max (L.) Merr., Bradyrhizobium japonicum, metabolites, alcohols, sugars, amino acids, organic acids, fever, standak top
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