Fiziol. rast. genet. 2022, vol. 54, no. 5, 387-403, doi:

Impact of climate changes on weed vegetation and herbicides efficiency

Guralchuk Zh.Z.

  • Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 31/17 Vasylkivska St., 03022, Kyiv, Ukraine

Global climate changes, which have been observed recently, present agricultural producers with the task of providing sustainable food for the growing population of the globe, and researchers with the task of studying changes in the species composition of segetal vegetation, researching the impact of climate change on cultivated and weed plants and their interaction. The article examines the impact of the predicted increased level of CO2 in the atmosphere, temperature, drought conditions on C3 and C4 weed plants, their interaction with cultivated plants, evaluates the competitiveness of weeds, their ability to survive under adverse conditions due to physiological plasticity and genetic variability, the potential danger of the spread of invasive weed species is indicated. Data available in the literature on the impact of climate change on the effectiveness of herbicides are considered. It is concluded that the issue of the effect of increased temperatures, CO2 content, drought and other climate changes on the effectiveness of herbicides, productivity of agricultural crops, growth, development, characteristics of the spread and evolution of weeds, their interaction with cultivated plants are important and still insufficiently studied. Researching these issues will help to make adjustments to crop protection technologies to minimize the impact of weeds on cultivated plants.

Keywords: climate change, CO2, temperature, drought, weeds, herbicides, efficiency

Fiziol. rast. genet.
2022, vol. 54, no. 5, 387-403

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