Fiziol. rast. genet. 2022, vol. 54, no. 4, 351-364, doi:

Features of the interaction of succinate dehydrogenase inhibitors with microelements to increase the winter wheat productivity

Mykhalska L.M., Zozulya O.L., Schwartau V.V.

  1. Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 31/17 Vasylkivska St., Kyiv, 03022,Ukraine
  2. TOV Syngenta Ukraine 120/4 Kozatska St., Kyiv, 03022,Ukraine

Effective disease control integrated with nutrition systems is important for increasing the productivity of winter wheat and other crops. The use of fungicides of the SDHI class with triazoles and strobilurins is today the basis of controlling harmful pathogens in crops. Adepidine of the SDHI class is effective in integrated disease control systems, primarily against Fusarium, Alternaria, powdery mildew, Helminthosporium, spotting, etc. It is shown that the addition of fertilizers containing redox trace elements to the spraying solutions of fungicides is important for prolonging the period of photosynthetic activity, increasing the chlorophyll content in plants, and forming crops that are more resistant to moisture deficit. The latter is important for the formation of productivity in the second half of the growing season of the crop. It is worth applying fungicides with fertilizers in the vegetative period of development to preserve the photosynthetic activity of all wheat leaves lovels, which significantly increases the efficiency of the use of nutrients and prolongs the period of transport of assimilates to the reproductive organ. It is proposed to consider the composition of fungicides with fertilizers, for example, adepidin, 75 g/l + propiconazole, 120 g/l + azoxystrobin, 100 g/l + Brexyl mix, 2.0 kg/ha, as a factor for increasing the efficiency of nitrogen use. It should be noted that it is advisable to control the harmful factor, in particular Fusarium graminearum, etc., with the introduction of integrated protection systems. At the same time, the role of redox trace elements (iron, zinc, manganese, copper) is important both for ensuring high levels of control of the pathogen under the action of fungicides, and for the formation of crops resistant to the effects of stress factors. It was established that the compositions of SDHI + triazole + strobilurin (Miravis Neo) + magnesium + redox-TE (Brexyl Mix) increase resistance to stresses, cause reduction of the peduncle, redistribution of assimilates to the ear (increase in ear length), significant increase in the content of chlorophyll in the lower leaves lovels with a pronounced lengthening of the growing season, which is an important component of increasing the productivity of winter wheat. The established features of the interaction of fungicides and fertilizers are important for the cultivation of crops  under the absence of resources, fertilizers, pesticides, etc.

Keywords: succinate dehydrogenase inhibitors, disease control, nutrition, resistance, grain spike crops, winter wheat

Fiziol. rast. genet.
2022, vol. 54, no. 4, 351-364

Full text and supplemented materials

Free full text: PDF  


1. Morgun, V.V., Schwartau, V.V., Konovalov, D.V., Mikhalska, L.M. & Skriplev, V.O. Club 100 centners. Modern varieties and systems of nutrition and protection of winter wheat. Edition XI. Scientific edition. K.: Vistka., 2022. 106 p. ISBN 978-617-7574-70-4 [in Ukrainian].

2. Morgun, V.V., Schwartau, V.V. & Kyriziy, D.A. (2010). Physiological bases of formation of high productivity of grain cereals. Physiology and biochemistry cult. plant, 42, No. 5, pp. 371-392 [in Russian].

3. Savary, S., Willocquet, L., Pethybridge, S.J. Esker, P., McRoberts N. & Nelson, A.(2019). The global burden of pathogens and pests on major food crops. Nat Ecol. Evol., 3, pp. 430-439.

4. Schwartau, V.V., Zozulya, O.L. & Mykhalska, L.M. (2019). Fusarium wilt: distribution and basics of control. Kyiv: Logos [in Ukrainian].

5. Oerke, E. (2006). Crop losses to pests. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 144(1), pp. 31-43.

6. Schwartau, V.V., Zozulya, O.L., Mikhalska, L.M. & Sanin, O.Yu. (2019). Influence of fungicide compositions on efficiency of Fusarium species control and winter wheat productivity. Quarantine and plant protection, № 7-8, pp. 23-28 [in Ukrainian].

7. Mykhalska, L.M., Zozulia, O.L., Hrytsev, O.A., Sanin, O.Yu. & Schwartau, V.V. (2019). Distribution of species of Fusarium and Alternaria genera on cereals in Ukraine. Biosystems Diversity, 27(2), pp. 186-191.

8. Li, S., Li, X., Zhang, H., Wang, Z. & Xu H. (2021). The research progress in and perspective of potential fungicides: Succinate dehydrogenase inhibitors. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 50, 116476.

9. Luo, B. & Ning, Y. (2022). Comprehensive Overview of Carboxamide Derivatives as Succinate Dehydrogenase Inhibitors. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 70(4), pp. 957-975.

10. Mтllenborn, C., Steiner, U., Ludwig, M. & Oerke E.C. (2008). Effect of fungicides on the complex of Fusarium species and saprophytic fungi colonizing wheat kernels. Eur J Plant Pathol, 120, pp. 157-166.

11. Da Luz, S.R., Pazdiora, P.S., Dallagnol, L.J., Dors, G.C. & Chaves, F.C. (2017). Mycotoxin and fungicide residues in wheat grains from fungicide-treated plants measured by a validated LC-MS method. Food Chemistry, 220, pp. 510-516.

12. Von Schmeling, B. & Kulka, M. (1966). Systemic activity of 1,4-oxathiin derivates. Science, 152, pp. 659-660.

13. Keon, J.P.R., White, G.A. & Hargreaves, J.A. (1991). Isolation, characterization and sequence of a gene conferring resistance to the systemic fungicide carboxin from the maize smut pathogen, Ustilago maydis. Curr Genet, 19, pp. 475-481.

14. Sierotzki, H., Haas, U-H., Oostendorp, M., Stierli, D. & Nuninger, C. Adepidyn Fungicide: A New Broad Spectrum Foliar Fungicide for Multiple Crops. In: Deising, H.B., Fraaije, B., Mehl, A., Oerke, E.C., Sierotzki,H. & Stammler, G. (Eds), «Modern Fungicides and Antifungal Compounds». 2017. Vol. VIII. P. 77-83. Deutsche Phytomedizinische Gesellschaft, Braunschweig.

15. Schwartau, V.V., Mikhalskaya, L.M. & Kamenchuk, O.P. (2015). Influence of copper hydroxide and proquinazide on yield and accumulation of microelements in winter wheat grain. Plant Physiology and Genetics, 47, No. 4, pp. 279-286 [in Russian].

16. Genty, B. & Harbinson, J. (1996). Regulation of Light Utilization for Photosynthetic Electron Transport. In: Baker, N.R. (eds) Photosynthesis and the Environment. Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration, vol 5. Springer: Dordrecht.

17. Sokolovska-Sergiienko, O.G, Kiriziy, D.A., Stasik O.O. & Sheheda, I.M. (2016). Photosynthesis and flad leaf chloroplasts antioxidant anzymes activity in winter wheat plants under urea foliar fertilization. Fiziol. rast. genet. 48, No. 6, pp. 519-529, [in Ukrainian].

18. Schwartau V., Vakulenko V. & Mikhalska L. Record wheat. Grain. 2021, № 8, pp. 76-78 [in Ukrainian].

19. Ruske R.E., Gooding, M.J. & Jones, S.A. (2003). The effects of adding picoxystrobin, azoxystrobin and nitrogen to a triazole programme on disease control, flag leaf senescence, yield and grain quality of winter wheat. Crop Protection, 22, pp. 975-987.

20. Schierenbeck, M., Fleitas, M. C., Simуn, M. R., Cortese, F. & Golik, S. I. (2019). Nitrogen accumulation in grains, remobilization and post-anthesis uptake under tan spot and leaf rust infections on wheat. Field Crops Research, 235, pp. 27-37.

21. Schierenbeck, M., Fleitas, M.C., Gerard, G.S., Dietz, J.I. & Simуn, M.R. (2019). Combinations of fungicide molecules and nitrogen fertilization revert nitrogen yield reductions generated by Pyrenophora tritici-repentis infections in bread wheat. Crop Protection, 121, 173-181.

22. Sanin, O.Yu., Mikhalska, L.M., Dolhalova, Y.A., Zozulya, O.L. & Schwartau, V.V. (2019). Influence of fungicides and fertilizers on the contents of mycotoxins in grain of highly productive winter wheat varieties. Fiziol. rast. genet, 51, No. 1, pp. 67-75. [in Ukrainian].