The syringic, vanillic, caffeic and ferulic acids in Murashige and Skoog medium in concentrations of 10—6 M induced accumulation of plastid pigments in leaves of common grape vine in vitro. Ferulic acid (3-methoxy-4-hydroxycinnamic acid) had the highest biological effect on chlorophyll a content. It was established that the stimulating effect of oxycoric acids greatly increased with substitution of one oxy group with a methoxy group. Carotenoid content in grape vine leaves cultured in vitro increased by 1.8 times in the presence of vanillic acid in culture medium. The joint effect of phenolic acids on quantitative indices of photosynthetic pigments was more moderate. Ferulic acid, introduced in grape vine microshoot tissues directly from the culture medium, induced increased levels of stilbenoids such as resveratrol and piceid that are highly active antioxidants and act as phytoalexins.
Keywords: grapes, oxycoric acids, oxybenzoic acids, pigments, phenolic compounds, resveratrol
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