The role of photosynthetic pigments in leaves of wheat in the increasing of productivity of this food crop is discussed. On the basis of own and literature data, the current state of research on the relationship of photosynthetic apparatus pigments with grain productivity is analyzed. Comparative estimation of chlorophyll content in the leaves of earlier selection variety and modern high-yielding winter wheat varieties originated from Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics showed that the rise in yield was accompanied by an increase in the content of photosynthetic pigments. Furthermore, high-yielding varieties have better adaptatibility of the photosynthetic apparatus to changing environmental conditions due to faster regulation of distribution of absorbed light energy between photochemical and non-photochemical channels and, thereby, greater use of it in photochemical reactions. The possibilities of the application of molecular markers to determine the genetic mechanisms of the pigment system inheritance and their use to improve plants productivity are shown.
Keywords: Triticum aestivum L., photosynthetic pigments, productivity, efficiency of photosynthetic apparatus, molecular markers
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