The results of researches conducted in the department of physiology and ecology of photosynthesis of Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in the context of global studies of the role of photosynthesis in the crop formation and plant productivity are reviewed. The prospects and strategies for improving photosynthesis at different levels of the organization — from molecular to coenosis — in order to increase the productivity of crops, especially winter wheat, were analyzed. Usefulness of systems approach, employed in the department’s studies, to search for the limiting factors of photosynthesis and yield formation is highlighted.
Keywords: productivity, photosynthesis, photorespiration, Rubisco, source-sink relation, radiation use efficiency
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