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Fiziol. rast. genet. 2020, vol. 52, no. 1, 31-45, doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/frg2020.01.031

The effect of gibberellin and retardants on the redistribution of carbohydrates and nutrients in gooseberry (Grossularia reclinat (L.) Mill) leaves and stems in relation to the culture productivity

Kuryata V.G., Shataliuk H.S.

  • M. Kotsiubynskyi Vinnytsia State Pedagogical University 32 Ostrozhskogo St., Vinnytsia, 21100, Ukraine

The influence of 0,005 % gibberellin and retardants 0,025 % tebuconazole (EW-250), 0,1 % esphone (2-HEFK) on the growth process, morphogenesis, formation of leaf mesostructure, accumulation and redistribution of assimilates and elements of mineral nutrition between plant organs in different phases of the development of gooseberry cv. Mashen’ka were investigated. Field experiments were carried out in 2015—2017. It was established that the application of gibberellin and retardants optimized leaf mesostructure, increased leaf thickness due to increase in palisade parenchyma volume. The use of tebuconazole and gibberellic acid result in formation of more potent chlorenchyma. There was a decrease in the content of chlorophylls in the leaves when using gibberellin and esfon compared with the control. Under the action of the preparations there was more intensive accumulation of non-structural carbohydrates (sugars + starch) and nutrient elements in the vegetative organs of the plants at the early stages of development and a more intense reduction of their content from the flowering phase to the phase of fruits full maturity. In the variant with tebuconazole, the content of non-structural carbohydrates in leaves was higher than in other variants, namely in the phases of fruits formation and full ripeness. This revealed intensive remobilization of these substances for the needs of carpogenesis. The content of non-structural carbohydrates and their sum in stems was close to the content of these substances in leaves. Under application of the preparations, the accumulation of total nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the leaves and annual stalks of the gooseberry at the early stages of plant development was observed and their content decreased from the flowering to the fruits full maturity stage. The consequence of such restructuring of source-sink relations was the increase in culture productivity. The most effective was the use of a triazole derivative tebuconazole.

Keywords: Grossularia reclinat (L.) Mill, gooseberry, gibberellins, retardants, photosynthetic apparatus, source-sink relations, productivity

Fiziol. rast. genet.
2020, vol. 52, no. 1, 31-45

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