Fiziol. rast. genet. 2020, vol. 52, no. 2, 169-178, doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/frg2020.02.169

Biochemical features of the introduced population of Artemisia dracunculus L. (Asteraceae) in Central Polissia of Ukraine

Ivashchenko І.V.1, Rakhmetov D.B.2, Vergun O.M.2

  1. Zhytomyr National Agroecological University 7 Stary Bulvar St., Zhytomyr, 10008, Ukraine
  2. M.M. Gryshko National Botanical Garden, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 1 Tymiryazevska St., Kyiv, 01014, Ukraine

Among other promising medicinal plants, Artemisia dracunculus L. (wormwood tarragon) from the family Asteraceae Dumort., Anthemideae tribe, deserves special attention for the possibility of its introduction into a wide culture. The introductory studies of A. dracunculus were performed on the experimental plots of Zhytomyr National Agroecological University. The given paper presents the results of biochemical studies of herbal raw materials from three forms of A. dracunculus introduced in the Central Polissya area of Ukraine. The analysis revealed the quantitative content of a number of important structural, functional and biologically active compounds in the plant above-ground mass: dry matter (from 30.06±1.66 to 31.60±1.28 %), total sugars (from 4.57±0.86 to 6.66±2.42 %), carotene (from 0.77±0.29 to 1.19±0.53 mg%), ascorbic acid (from 53.48±3.26 to 63.27± 4,45 mg%), tannins (from 4.95±1.07 to 8.48±0.95 %), calcium (from 0.62±0.33 to 1.07±0.27 %), phosphorus (from 0.07±0.02 to 0.21±0.16 %), ash (from 5.04±1.26 to 5.34±0.86 %), free organic acids (from 1.80±0.67 to 2.79±1.74 %), fats (from 3.79±1.75 to 4.20±2.29 %). The studied forms of A. dracunculus showed no statistically significant differences in the contents of ascorbic acid, carotene, free organic acids, sugars, fats, calcium and phosphorus, ash elements. Nevertheless, raw materials of different forms of A. dracunculus differed significantly only in the amounts of tannins and dry matter. Thus, A. dracunculus raw material cultivated in  Central Polissya of Ukraine contains valuable biologically active compounds, which suggests the possibility of cultivation of this species in the Central Polissya area of Ukraine and the prospect of its use for the needs of  pharmaceutical and food industries, as well as cosmetology.

Keywords: Artemisia dracunculus L., introduction, biochemical compounds, raw materials, biologically active substances

Fiziol. rast. genet.
2020, vol. 52, no. 2, 169-178

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