Fiziol. rast. genet. 2018, vol. 50, no. 6, 540-548, doi:

Phytotoxic effect of urban soils under intensive effect of vehicle emissions in the conditions of Uzhhorod city

Vakerych M.M.1, Schwartau V.V.2, Hasynets Y.S.1, Bodnariuk R.M.1, Korol M.V.1, Vasylniak K.V.1

  1. Uzhgorod National University 32 Voloshyn St., Uzhorod, 88000, Ukraine
  2. Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 31/17, Vasylkivska St., Kyiv, 03022, Ukraine

Due to the increase of motor transport traffic in the cities, the study of such a component of the urban ecosystem as the soil cover is very relevant. Urban soils, which are formed under the influence of the consequences of anthropogenic activity, differ significantly in biological and physico-chemical indicators from natural analogues. The complex phytotoxic effect of urban soils of central streets of Uzhhorod city under the condition of intensive loading by motor transport is investigated in the article using the bio-indicative method. The growth indices and phytotoxic effect of test-culture — winter wheat of Podolianka variety were determined upon condition of seeding on soil samples taken at the most loaded roads of the city streets. According to the results of the observations, a significant inhibitory effect of the toxic substances of the studied soils on the growth processes of phyto-indicator — winter wheat of the Podolianka variety has been established.

Keywords: Triticum aestivum L., urban soils, phytotoxic effect, motor transport

Fiziol. rast. genet.
2018, vol. 50, no. 6, 540-548

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