The best way to sterilize the seeds of the spotted milk thistle, which is characterized by the maximum percentage of viable and sterile seeds (98—99 %) was determined. The dependence of the growth index on the combination of phytohormones in the culture medium was revealed. The optimum medium for obtaining callus tissue of spotted thistle red-flower variety Cinderella of the Belarusian breeding and the white-flower variety Sibilla of Hungarian breeding regardless of the origin of the explant, is the Murashige—Skoog medium containing 1 mg/l of 2.4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and 0.4 mg/l of kinetin.
Keywords: Silybum marianum L., in vitro culture, sterilization, callusogenesis, phytohormones, growth index
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