Fiziol. rast. genet. 2018, vol. 50, no. 2, 105-114, doi:


Shegeda I.M., Pochinok V.M., Kiriziy D.A., Mamenko T.P.

  • Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 31/17 Vasylkivska St., Kyiv, 03022, Ukraine

In pot experiments with bread winter wheat varieties Astarta, Kyivska ostysta, Malynivka different conditions of mineral nutrition were created: 1) high background of mineral nutrition (N160P160K160 mg/kg of soil); 2) high background with foliar treatment with urea immediately after flowering; 3) low background of mineral nutrition (N32P32K32); 4) low background with foliar treatment with urea. It was shown that high background of mineral nutrition and foliar treatment with urea had a positive impact on the functioning of the photosynthetic apparatus, as well as on the productivity and protein content of wheat grain. The photosynthetic rate, grain productivity and protein harvest were the highest in plants of variety Astarta, but the grain protein content was some less. In terms of productivity and quality, Kyivska ostysta and Malynivka respond to the foliar fertilization with nitrogen better than Astarta. Plants that have been grown on a low background had lower values of photosynthesis, grain weight, protein content and harvest. Additional fertilizing with urea also had a positive impact in these conditions, but not enough to compensate for the lack of nitrogen in the soil.

Keywords: Triticum aestivum L., winter wheat, mineral nutrition, photosynthesis, foliar feeding, nitrogen, productivity, grain protein content

Fiziol. rast. genet.
2018, vol. 50, no. 2, 105-114

Full text and supplemented materials

Free full text: PDF  


1. Avramenko, S., Tymchuk, V., Tsekhmeystruk, M., Hlubokyi, O., Shelyakin, V. & Manko, K. (2011). Formation of grain quality in cereal crops. Ahrobiznes siohodni, No. 14 (213), p. 15 [in Ukrainian].

2. Bordiuzha, N. P. (2011). Accumulation of nitrogen by leaves of winter wheat and the prognosis of protein content in grain under the influence of foliar nutrition. Naukovyi visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu bioresursiv i pryrodokorystuvannya Ukrainy, Iss. 162, pt. 1, pp. 165-174 [in Ukrainian].

3. Zhemela, H.P. & Kurochka, A.O. (2012). Effect of predecessors on elements of yield structure and quality of winter wheat grain depending on varietal properties. Visnyk Poltavskoi derzhavnoi ahrarnoi akademii, No. 1, pp. 33-36 [in Ukrainian].

4. Konoplyova, Y.L. (2012). Dynamics of the grain mass and the content of protein compounds depending on the phase of development and the duration of winter wheat crop overripe. Byuleten Institutu silskoho hospodarstva stepovoi zony, No. 2, pp. 152-156 [in Ukrainian].

5. Morgun, V.V. & Pryadkina, H.A. (2014). Efficiency of photosynthesis and prospects of increasing productivity of winter wheat. Fiziol. rast. genet., 46, No. 4, pp. 279-301 [in Russian].

6. Morgun, V.V., Shvartau, V.V. & Kiriziy, D.A. (2009). Physiological bases of formation of high productivity of grain cereals. Fiziologiia roslyn: Problemy i perspektyvy rozvytku (Vol. 1) (pp. 11-42). Kyiv: Lohos [in Ukrainian].

7. Pavlov, A.N. (1982). Physiological factors that determine the level of protein accumulation in the grain of different wheat genotypes. Fiziol. rast., 24, No. 4, pp. 767-780 [in Russian].

8. Polyanetska, I.O., Lyubych, V.V. & Sukhomud, O.H. (2014). The content of protein and its yield with the harvest of winter wheat grain depending on the variety. Naukovi pratsi Instytutu bioenerhetychnykh cultur i tsukrovykh buriakiv, Iss. 21, pp. 235-239 [in Ukrainian].

9. Pochynok, V. M. & Kiriziy, D. A. (2010). Productivity and quality of wheat grain depending on the peculiarities of the distribution of nitrogen in the plant. Fiziologiya i biokhimiya kult. rastenii, 42, No. 5, pp. 393-402 [in Ukrainian].

10. Pryadkina, H.O. (2013). Photosynthetic pigments, solar radiation use efficiency and plant productivity in agrocenoses. (Extended abstract of Doctor thesis). Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics, NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine [in Ukrainian].

11. Mokronosov, A.T. (Ed.) (1989). Photosynthesis and Bioproductivity: Methods for Determining. Moskva: Ahropromizdat [in Russian].

12. Gaju, O., Allard, V., Martre, P., Le Gouis, J., Moreau, D., Bogard, M., Hubbart, S. & Foulkes, M. J. (2014). Nitrogen partitioning and remobilization in relation to leaf senescence, grain yield and grain nitrogen concentrationin wheat cultivars. Field Crops Res., 155, pp. 213-223.

13. Gyuga, P., Demagante, A.L. & Paulsen, G.M. (2002). Photosynthesis and growth of wheat under extreme nitrogen nutrition regimes during maturation. J. Plant Nutr., 25, No. 6, pp. 1281-1290.

14. Lawlor, D.W. (2002) Carbon and nitrogen assimilation in relation to yield: mechanisms are the key to understanding production systems. J. Exp. Bot., 53, No. 370, pp. 773-787.

15. McKendry, A.L., McVetty, P.B.E. & Evans, L.E. (1995). Selection criteria for combining high grain yield and high grain protein concentration in bread wheat. Crop Sci., 35, pp. 1597-1602.

16. Triboi, E., Martre, P. & Girousse, C. (2006). Unravelling environmental and genetic relationships between grain yield and nitrogen concentration for wheat. Eur. J. Agron., 25, No. 2, pp. 108-118.

17. Vaguseviciene, I., Burbulis, N., Jonytiene, V. & Vasinauskiene, R. (2012). Influence of nitrogen fertilization on winter wheat physiological parameters and productivity. J. Food Agricult. Environ., 10, No. 3-4, pp. 733-736.

18. Wellburn, A.R. (1994). The spectral determination of chlorophylls a and b, as well as total carotenoids, using various solvents with spectrophotometers of different resolution. J. Plant Physiol., 144, pp. 307-313.

19. Zhang, Y.H., Sun, N.N., Hong, J.P., Zhang, Q., Wang, C., Xue, Q. W., Zhou, S. L., Huang, Q. & Wang, Z. M. (2014). Effect of source-sink manipulation on photosynthetic characteristics of flag leaf and the remobilization of dry mass and nitrogen in vegetative organs of wheat. J. Integr. Agricult., 13, No. 8, pp. 1680-1690.