Fiziol. rast. genet. 2016, vol. 48, no. 5, 401-415, doi:

Accumulation of neutral lipids in the cells of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii under stress conditions

Stepanov S.S.

  • M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine  2 Tereschenkivska St., Kyiv, 01661, Ukraine

The main achievements of the last decades in the study of the mechanisms of accumulation of neutral lipids, including triacylglycerols (TAG), in microalgal cells in response to stress are discussed at example of a model organism — the unicellular green algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Algae are now considered as promising feedstock for biofuel production of the third and fourth generations. The factors that positively influence the accumulation of neutral lipids in the cells of С. reinhardtii are analyzed, the structure, biochemical composition and physiological role of intracellular lipid inclusions are described and the properties of the mutant strains capable to increased accumulation of TAG are considered.

Keywords: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, triacylglycerols, storage lipids, fatty acids, lipid bodies, biodiesel

Fiziol. rast. genet.
2016, vol. 48, no. 5, 401-415

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