Физиология растений и генетика 2017, том 49, № 2, 95-109, doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/frg2017.02.095

Характеристики новых инбредных линий кукурузы и их гибридов с высокими пищевыми и кормовыми качествами

Раденович Ч.Н1,2., Гродзинский Д.М.3, Петрович Р.Я.4, Динич Б.С.5, Радосавлевич М.М.1, Терзич Д.П.1, Янкович М.З.1, Ранкович Д.М.1

  1. Научно-исследовательский институт кукурузы «Земун поле», Белград, Сербия
  2. Белградский университет, Сербия
  3. Институт клеточной биологии и генетической инженерии Национальной академии наук Украины, Киев
  4. Агрис ОOO, c. Голубинци Сремского округа, Сербия
  5. Институт кормовых культур, с. Глободер Расинского округа, Сербия

Селекция и отбор инбредных линий ZPPL 146 и ZPPL 159 и гибридов, созданных на их основе (ZP 633, ZP 735 и ZP 737, предназначенных прежде всего для кормов), продолжались в течение почти трех десятилетий. Эти инбредные линии и гибриды имеют высокую питательную ценность, они богаты пигментами, имеют эффективный фотосинтез и другие соответствующие параметры, характерные для стандартных гибридов. Исследованные гибриды кукурузы богаты углеводами. Корм, изготовленный из этих гибридов, имеет высокие питательность и качество. Вследствие высокой продуктивности общего сухого вещества на единицу площади эти гибриды представляют собой один из важ­нейших кормовых продуктов. Обсуждена важность химического состава биогенных веществ гибридного зерна кукурузы, в частности пигментов, которые обладают антиоксидантными свойствами.

Ключевые слова: Zea mays L., кукуруза, инбредные линии, гибрид, тилакоидная мембрана, фотосинтетическая модель, замедленная флуоресценция хлорофилла, свойства пигментов, питательная ценность, корм

Физиология растений и генетика
2017, том 49, № 2, 95-109

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