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Физиология растений и генетика 2017, том 49, № 6, 463-481, doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/frg2017.06.463

РОЛЬ СИГНАЛЬНЫХ ПОСРЕДНИКОВ И СТРЕССОВЫХ ГОРМОНОВ В РЕГУЛЯЦИИ АНТИОКСИДАНТНОЙ СИСТЕМЫ РАСТЕНИЙ

Колупаев Ю.Е., Карпец Ю.В.

  • Харьковский национальный аграрный университет им. В.В. Докучаева 62483 Харьков, п/о Докучаевское-2
  • Харьковский национальный университет им. В.Н. Каразина 61022, Харьков, пл. Свободы, 4

Рассмотрены механизмы регуляции состояния антиоксидантной системы (АОС) растений с участием сигнальных посредников (пероксида водорода, ионов кальция, оксида азота, сероводорода). Отмечено, что влияние активных форм кислорода (АФК) на АОС может быть как результатом окислительной модификации белков, участвующих в трансдукции клеточных сигналов, так и следствием повреждения ими отдельных компонентов АОС, приводящего в конечном итоге к формированию АФК-сигнала и изменению экспрессии генов, причастных к ан­тиоксидантной защите. Оксид азота в зависимости от характера окислительной модификации может непосредственно вызывать как повышение, так и понижение активности антиоксидантных ферментов. В то же время под влиянием NO активизируются компоненты сигнальной сети, участвующие в регуляции экспрессии генов антиоксидантных ферментов. Прямая модификация функциональных групп белков (серосодержащих, металлсодержащих) может быть основой влияния сероводорода на компоненты АОС. Установлено, что действие H2S на активность антиоксидантных ферментов зависит и от других компонентов сигнальной сети. В процессах индуцирования АОС фитогормонами (жасмоновой и салициловой кислотами, брассиностероидами) принимают участие ключевые сигнальные посредники — АФК, оксид азота, ионы кальция.

Ключевые слова: антиоксидантная система, сигнальные посредники, активные формы кислорода, оксид азота, кальций, сероводород, стрессовые фитогормоны

Физиология растений и генетика
2017, том 49, № 6, 463-481

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